Category Archives: Healthcare Studies

Dr. Ira Kirschenbaum reflects on the advancements in the orthopaedic field through various time periods

Dr. Ira Kirschenbaum is a practicing orthopaedic surgeon who is the chairman at Bronxcare Health System in New York. He has an extensive educational background with degrees from Harvard University, Thomas Jefferson University, Albert Einstein College of Medicine at Yeshiva University, and Brown University. Dr. Ira Kirschenbaum is an expert when it comes to orthopaedic surgery as he specializes in performing surgery on the bones and joints. In an article from, the surgeon lists the differences and advancements of the orthopaedic field from back to the ancient times, Greeks and Romans time, Middles Ages, and the Renaissance. The medical field was started out by a doctor named Dr. Nicolas Andry who wrote a book called “Orthopedie” in 1741 that discussed children who were suffering from physical deformities and that would become the name of the field from the combination of two Greek words. Dr. Ira Kirschenbaum reflects on how far the medical field has gone and how doctors can replace joints with other items along with the impact that physical therapists have on someone to get them back into form and top shape. Surgeons, in today’s era, have been able to perform surgery at an improved form so patients can recover quicker and with less pain to the individual. Back in ancient times, people were able to provide the individual with a splint or cast like type to keep the bone in place to heal. In the Babylonian age, they used clay and other materials to make casts. Ancient civilizations made do with the resources that they had. Greeks made contributions to the field by way of an ancient Greek physician named Hippocrates, who wrote texts about shoulder dislocations, fractures, and how to treat back issues. A physician back in the Roman times even performed surgeries to repair gladiators fractures and other injuries. The Middle Ages and the Renaissance provided hospitals and medical schools so people could be treated for their injuries and so others could learn about the field.

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The Innovation of Dr. Ira Kirschenbaum

With more than two decades of experience Dr. Ira Kirschenbaum has impacted many lives through his years of service. Currently he is the the Chairman and Director of Orthopedics at Bronxcare Health System in New York. He is considered an expert in dealing with bone and joint problems. He has also considered one of the best at knee and shoulder replacements. His work is respected by many across the country.

Dr. Ira Kirschenbaum is a graduate of Brown University. He has a very impressive resume which includes several years of education. Dr. Kirschenbaum has studied at Albert Einstein College of Medicine, The Rothman Institute in Philadelphia, and The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons just to name a few. He is a Magna Cum Laude graduate who has completed residency’s at a number of prestigious schools. After graduation he quickly entered the working world.

Dr. Ira Kirschenbaum has always been focused on innovation in the surgical world. He has become a leader in the idea of minimally invasive surgeries. Today these surgeries are performed with advanced robotic systems. Surgeons like Dr. Ira Kirschenbaum usually use this robotic system so that they can have more control and better vision during surgery. Dr. Kirschenbaum is committed to using this type of procedure. It has a number of benefits which include making smaller incisions in the body during surgery, less pain for patients, shorter recovery times and less swelling. Dr. Kirschenbaum, an expert at joint repair and replacement procedures, offers this technique to athletes that he works with that need get back on the field as quickly as possible.

Dr. Ira Kirschenbaum’s career goes beyond the hospital. He is the founder of he Medscape Orthopedics website, a company that eventually became part of WebMD. He also spends his time serving on the company’s Editorial Advisory Board. He continues to use his talents to look for innovative techniques to improve the world of surgery.

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The Breakdown of Human Moral Behavior Seen Through the Studies of Jorge Moll

In an interview with neurologist Jorge Moll, it was discussed that human moral behavior can be explained through a series of studies from a FMRI scan; which stands for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Jorge Moll received his first one in 1996. Prior to his studies in med school which led to developed studies of his; he expressed that he had always had an interest in the human mind and a curiosity for the origin of everything (LinkedIn). In 1996 when he received his first FMRI scan he began developing studies of the human brain through motor experiments like touching of the skin, finger tapping movement, which help developed images of the working brain. These findings led Dr. Moll to explore the workings of the higher conscience of the human brain. In 1998 he teamed up with a fellow neurologist colleague of his to develop studies of the higher functions of the brain; like why people make moral judgments internally or should I say how people make moral judgements. They achieved results by presenting statements of moral content to participants of the research, but Moll felt that these studies were crude. Due to their lack of monitoring the emotions of the participants; Jorge Moll felt that was a component that needed to be controlled to narrow in on the why or how people make moral judgements. To hone in on the emotions of the participants they began to present them with pictures negative in nature; such as injustices or accidents. In their findings they were met with emotions of indignation or compassion, and through the FMRI scan they could detect that participants with legions in certain regions of the frontal lobe of the brain; some lacked empathy. While others with no legions showed compassion. Through these findings Moll was able to connect that emotions triggered by relatability showed ones moral behavior. Although this was revealed, it was also discovered that emotional attachments or connect ability were not emotions in themselves, but more of a gateway that allows emotional reactions. Some participants showed more heighten emotions in the frontal lobe region of the brain; depending on how close in connection the image being presented to them was relatable.